“ICANN and Global Internet Governance: The Road to São Paulo, and Beyond”
(NB: Panelists are speaking in their personal capacities unless they indicate otherwise)
10:00-10:15 Welcome and Overview
William J. Drake
International Fellow & Lecturer, Media Change & Innovation Division, IPMZ, University of Zurich, Switzerland; member of the 1Net Steering Committee and of the IGF MAG; advisor to the High Level Panel; Chair of NCUC (NCUC, GNSO)
CEO, Shinkuro, Inc.; Chairman of the Board, ICANN
10:15-10:45 Update on the São Paulo Meeting
Senior Advisor to the President; Head of Stakeholder Relations and Communications, ICANN
10:45-12:00 Setting the Scene: Overview of Recent Agenda-Setting Initiatives
Prompted by the impending NETMundial and related developments, the past few months have witnessed a flurry of new initiatives concerning the future evolution of the global Internet governance ecosystem and ICANN’s role therein. Of particular note are report-writing groups like the Strategy Panel on ICANN’s Role in the Internet Governance Ecosystem, and the high-level Panel on Global Internet Cooperation and Governance Mechanisms; and multistakeholder collaborations like /1Net and ICANN’s Cross-Community Working Group on Internet Governance. Together with the meeting’s planning committees and the written inputs provided by stakeholders world-wide, these initiatives could help to shape the agenda of the São Paulo meeting, as well as the global dialogue thereafter.
- What are the main lessons to be learned so far from these various initiatives with respect to the state of multistakeholderism and its ability to promote desirable evolution in the ecosystem?
- Which are the most salient substantive proposals for change to arise from these efforts? How do we assess their functional and political viability?
- How do these initiatives relate to the concerns of key governments and developments in the intergovernmental arena?
- How can these initiatives best contribute to strengthening existing institutions and processes, including the Internet Governance Forum?
Chair of the Noncommercial Stakeholders Group (NCSG); co-facilitator of the Cross-Community Working Group on Internet Governance (NCUC, GNSO)
Chair of the ALAC; co-facilitator of the Cross-Community Working Group on Internet Governance (At Large Community)
CEO of AFRINIC; Coordinator of the 1Net Steering Committee (Number Resource Organization)
Philip S. Corwin
Founding Principal, Virtualaw LLC (Business Constituency, GNSO)
President and CEO, Canadian Internet Registration Authority; member of the high level Panel on Global Internet Cooperation and Governance Mechanisms; Chair of the ccNSO (Country Code Names Supporting Organization)
Policy Liaison, Japan Network Information center; member, IGF MAG (ISP Constituency, GNSO)
Member of the 1Net Steering Committee; RSSAC Liaison to the ICANN Board (Root Server System Advisory Committee)
12:00 – 13:00 Lunch
13:00-14:15 Internet Governance Principles
Over the past few years, intergovernmental and nongovernmental groups had produced more that twenty five statements and declarations on principles for global Internet Governance. These documents generally support multistakeholder, consensus-based procedures and point to some areas of consensus on substantive policy matters, but they also vary in other respects. For examples, some advance principles regarding processes and participation, while others relate to the architecture, design and technical operation of the Internet, or to fundamental human rights and matters of Internet usage and economics. As the NETmundial hopes to agree on a set of universal Internet Governance principles, there is a pressing need to think through some key questions.
- Which procedural principles regarding the conduct of global Internet governance might be desirable to include, e.g. regarding issues like inclusive participation on an equal footing, transparency, and accountability?
- Which general substantive principles might be desirable, e.g. regarding issues like the preservation of a single Internet, the globalization of critical functions and institutions, the protection of human rights, or the promotion of the global public interest? Which specific substantive principles might be desirable, regarding which issues?
- How do we balance what is desirable and what is politically feasible?
- Which principles seem to be most at odds with one another, and how might we reconcile these?
Executive Research Fellow, Center For Global Communications, International University of Japan; member of the Executive Multistakeholder Committee, NETMundial meeting (NCUC, GNSO)
Director of Public Policy, Facebook (Board of Directors)
CEO & Founder Blacknight; Chair of the Registrar Constituency (Registrar Constituency, GNSO)
Niels ten Oever
Head of Digital, Article 19 (NCUC, GNSO)
Attorney-at-Law; President of EuroISPA (Internet Service Providers Constituency, GNSO)
Chair, Internet Engineering Task Force
14:15-15:45 Roadmap for Ecosystem Evolution: Globalization
Beginning with the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) negotiations in 2002-2005, unilateral US oversight over ICANN via the IANA contract and (since 2009) the Affirmation of Commitments has generated heated global controversy. Defenders of the status quo see the US as the only viable steward and as an external check on ICANN. Opponents argue that one national government should not have exclusive authority over critical aspects of Internet governance that affect all nation-states and peoples. In October 2013 the major Internet organizations, reacting to the Snowden revelations, issued a statement calling for “the globalization of ICANN and IANA functions.” These issues will undoubtedly figure prominently in the NETmundial meeting.
- What might it mean to “globalize” ICANN and the IANA functions?
- What should be the role of governments in a globalized model? What should be the role of civil society, the technical community, and the private sector?
- If US political oversight is eliminated, how do we ensure the accountability of ICANN and VeriSign?
- Should the IANA functions be linked to political oversight or made a purely clerical function?
Independent Consultant; NCSG representative on the GNSO Council (NCUC, GNSO)
Associate Administrator (Head of Office) for International Affairs, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Department of Commerce, Government of the United States
Steve del Bianco
Executive Director, NetChoice (Business Constituency, GNSO)
Vice Chair, ccNSO; Former Chair, APTLD; former Executive Director, InternetNZ (Country Code Names Supporting Organization)
Vice President of Policy, VeriSign Inc. (Registry Constituency, GNSO)
Professor, Syracuse University School of Information Studies; Director, The Internet Governance Project (NCUC, GNSO)
Director General, APNIC (ASO)
15:45-16:00 Coffee break
16:00-17:30 Roadmap for Ecosystem Evolution: Institutional Innovation
Since the WSIS, many developing and transitional country governments have insisted that there is a pressing need to establish a new intergovernmental decisionmaking body to deal with what the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society called “international public policy issues pertaining to the Internet.” Various models have been proposed in the UN General Assembly and elsewhere, and the issue is now being raised in the UN Commission on Science, Technology and Development’s Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation as well. Alternatively, participants in the multistakeholder environment have begun to consider lighter and innovative models that could help to fill gaps in the global governance architecture. These include, inter alia, new clearing house or knowledge bank-type mechanisms for the aggregation and sharing of information, good practices, institutional models, experiences and so on, particularly with respect to so-called “orphan issues” that are not clearly addressed within the mandate of any existing institution. While it is unclear how this may be formulated, it seems likely that the question of whether “something new” is needed to make the ecosystem work better for all will arise at the NETmundial.
- What is the prognosis for the long-running global debate on “enhanced cooperation” and the creation of a new intergovernmental policy space? Is there any possible configuration that could satisfy both the proponents of a new body and those who worry about the bureaucratization and further geopoliticization of Internet governance?
- Would the frustration of the proponents’ desires continue to drive their energies into advancing government-led approaches in existing UN agencies like the International Telecommunication Union?
- Could any of the clearing house or knowledge bank-type proposals provide a functionally effective and politically acceptable alternative? If so, how could this be structured and supported, and how well could it work to meet which needs?
- How could existing enablers of exchange like policy networks, expert communities, dialogue forums, capacity building programs and so on be leveraged to help meet the demand for policy support?
William J. Drake
University of Zurich (NCUC, GNSO)
Bertrand de La Chapelle
Director, Internet & Jurisdiction Project (former member of the Board of Directors)
Vice President for Policy, the Internet Society
Researcher and Coordinator, the Center for Technology and Society of the Getulio Vargas Foundation, Rio de Janeiro; member of the Executive Multistakeholder Committee, NETMundial meeting (NCUC, GNSO)
Special Advisor for IT and GAC representative, Government of Hungary; Chairman of the UN Commission on Science, Technology and Development’s Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation (Government Advisory Committee)
Advisor to the Government RNL, African Union Commission (Government Advisory Committee)
Member (Board of Directors)
17:15-17:45 Keynote Assessment by Larry Strickling – Asst. Secretary of Commerce, Government of the United States
17:45-18:00 Concluding Observations
Policy Director, Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore; Society & Access to Knowledge Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project (NCUC, GNSO)
Director, Data J Lab, Tilburg University; Fellow, Citizen Lab, University of Toronto; member of the 1Net Steering Committee (NCUC, GNSO)
Executive Director of IP Justice (NCUC, GNSO)